Synopsis: Research shows that oil palm expansion in Kalangala District, Uganda, has had severe negative effects on food security and the environment. Based on these research results, the Government of Uganda has improved the planning of oil palm expansion in other parts of the country
The conflict starts right from the term Human Wildlife Conflict or Conflict of Human and wildlife coexistence or conflict of people over wildlife, the nightmare of a conservationist starts here. Human-wildlife conflict occurs when the needs and behaviour of wildlife impact negatively on the goals of humans or when the goals of humans negatively impact the needs of wildlife.
The term Bushmeat is used to describe the illegal and unsustainable commercial trade in wildlife for food which occurs in Africa and around the globe.Bushmeat may include illegal methods of hunting (snares and Guns); illegal species (endangered, threatened or protected); wildlife taken from un-authorized areas or hunting at unsustainable off take levels for commercial trade or non-commercial.
The Government of Uganda had the best intentions when oil palm was established. The aim was to reduce poverty among the Lake Victoria island populations of Kalangala and Buvuma districts, and contribute to import substitution through domestic production of palm oil. However, the implementation strategy fell short on a number of aspects....
It is estimated that the gestation period of the oil palm crops is 25 years but in Kalangala by just 15 years the oil palm "trees" are already over grown to heights that call for cutting down and replanting as harvesting of fresh fruit bunches at such heights is very risky to the lives of oil palm farmers.
In case the government does not make amends in the oil palm development plan, Buvuma district will be famine prone. The only way government can intervene and save the people of Buvuma from famine is by including land sustainability interventions in the oil palm development plan and properly educating people on how they can properly use their land alongside the oil palm project.
"Help us put our land to better use" the communities of Buvuma Islands demanded. "We have realized that we needed more time and information on the oil palm growing project to make informed decision", they said. This was during an information dissemination workshop organized by Ecological Trends Alliance targeting the district local government and the local communities.
Uganda suffered decades of conflict, which ravaged much of northern Uganda until the mid-2000s. Many Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) living in government protected camps returned to their homes in northern Uganda following the end of the conflict,